The second rock was more inaccessible, and even though the baron Sisimithres did not know it, it was impregnable. As the textbook said, Alexander started campaigns one after another and wore his people down until they refused to fight for him anymore. The Egyptians despised the Persians for their heavy taxes and religious intolerance. Yeah I know i sound cold and mean but it's the truth. Though a number of causes, including poisoning, have been suggested. One of the best things about him was thathe never asked his men to do anything he wouldn't do.
Greeks ran the city's administration, but Egyptians were allowed to keep their customs and religion -- though they could only become citizens if they learned Greek and accepted Greek traditions. He then proceeded on his father's plan to capture the Persian Empire with the Macedonian army, its allies and Greek city contingents. Here his men were asked to literally 'fly' before the local barons would submit. He taught a lesson to the revolting city states by destroying the city state of Thebes completely. To paraphrase the Good Book, not even the gain of the entire world was able to save his soul. . Photo credit: Many of the lands that Alexander conquered were more or less given to him without much resistance.
Alexander did not follow a strategy of conquest, consolidation and long-term administration, but was constantly on the move. As his mood became progressively more violent and unstable, those around him came to fear the repercussions of his anger. I think Alexander was an amazing guy. It should be mentioned that Alexander was never faced with a large-scale desertion as had happened to his father following his defeat by Onomarchus at the Battle of Crocus Field in 352 Diod. Alexander knew that if he only thought of it, his men would see it through as long as he could win them over. His hyperactivity in putting constant expansion over administration, not to mention not providing an adult heir, cost the empire any unity and chance of surviving him intact.
But he decided on a circuitous route: down India's rivers to the ocean, then along the coast back to Persia. When Alexander went south to conquer the lands of Egypt, he was met with essentially no opposition. He bet his father that he could mount the horse. He could not pass it up without surpassing such a feat. Nero was a superficial man who only cared for his own personal welfare.
The troops eventually mutinied and forced Alexander to turn back. Alexander maintained remarkable poise and exhibited leadership when all hung in the balance. His men found it unbecoming of their king that he thought it necessary to please a defeated enemy. The first, and greatest, was Alexandria in Egypt, which would become an important Mediterranean urban center. Well, depending on what point of view you look at Alexander the Great, he was either good or bad. Of the people encountered so far in our journey, he had the greatest impact, in my opinion. The Indian king Porus and his elephants fell to Alexander, but the weather and the mountains wore out his men.
He wanted not just to outdo every leader before him but even to best Greek mythology. While his ambitions lay in conquering all who stood before him, Alexander was confronted with the prospect of leaving his newly won kingdom to his subordinates. Moreover, laying siege to Tyre was not necessary: he could simply have left a garrison, for example, on the mainland opposite the town to keep it in check. Although he was known as Alexander the great, he was a ruthless ruler who would kill anyone who student his way for power and control. Alexander was forced to turn back, and by late September 326 he was once again at the Hydaspes. Moreover, as has been said but is worth repeating, they did not properly know him since he had ruled at home as king for only a short time before he left, and only a mutiny by his army was making him come back. He was only sixteen when his father marched against Byzantium and left him regent in his absence.
He misjudged the native peoples as he moved across Afghanistan and into modern Pakistan, thinking that defeated in battle meant conquered. The first person to respond intelligently gets 10 extra credit points. He took Babylon and Persepolis, the Persian capital. As a welcome gift, I will send you a Free Access Pass to my digital seminar, Unlocking Your Creative Genius. The Great King duly obliged, producing an enormous polyglot horde, more reminiscent of the Italian Army in North Africa in 1940 than any credible force. Many Macedonians resented these policies, believing hybridization of Greek and foreign cultures to be irreverent. The Chinese have a record of losing to inferior forces e.
In other words, they represented all that the people had come to hate in Alexander. Fox, 390 Knowing that others had attempted such a crossing and came out alive proved irresistible. He spread Greek culture in all of the places he conquered and adopted a few traditions such as the kissing of the hand. For the second time in his reign Alexander was hit with a mutiny, this time over his orientalising policy. At the Granicus, Alexander faced a Persian army augmented by a strong Greek mercenary force. Alexander sulked in his tent like his Homeric hero Achilles for three days, but to no avail.
Although Alexander is characterised by the Persians as a destroyer, a reckless and somewhat feckless youth, the evidence suggests that he retained a healthy respect for the Persians themselves. His pothos — personal longing note again the personal element — to conquer more territory was frustrated when his men mutinied at the Hyphasis river. In none of these did he outnumber his opponents! In my opinion, Alexander helped Greece along in their development and helped to spread the richness of Greek culture to other civilizations so he was good for Greece. The horns were the symbol of the Egyptian god Amun—or Zeus, who is often conflated with Amun—from whom Alexander claimed descent. I don't think its necessary to rape the beautiful women he came across.