The short run incremental cost ignoring the fixed cost is only Rs. Based on this, the theory of the firm suggests how much the firm will produce and at what price it would sell. It deals with the behaviour of the large aggregates in the economy. To analyse the impact of the organisational structure in the working of business enterprises, it is widely used by the managerial economist. The functions of a managerial economist can be broadly defined as the study and interpretation of economic data in the light of the problems of the management. We shall now proceed to discuss the last part of our investigation the responsibilities of a managerial economist.
Management and decision making are to be considered as inseparable. It also goes deeper into such aspects as motives of holding inventory, cost of holding inventory, inventory control, and main methods of inventory control and management. Successful leaders focus on the economics of a business for decision making. If we take the subject in isolation, our study would not be useful. One of the hallmarks of a good executive is the ability to take quick decision.
If there is keen competition, the firm has to undertake vigorous campaign of advertisement. More accurate and quicker a managerial economist is to recognize, understand and analyse these changes in the external factors, more useful would be prove to the management. This logical core of theory cannot easily be detached from the empirical part of the theory. Statistics is important in providing the individual firm with measures of the appropriate functional relationship involved in decision making. Therefore, managerial economics integrates economic theory with business practice for facilitating decision-making and forward planning by management.
The role of managerial economics in a globalised environment cannot be overemphasized. Since a business organization has the available resources, such as, capital, land and labor, a business manager needs to select the best alternative among others and employ in the most efficient manner so as to attain the desired results. Consumers typically buy more steaks, steaks, furniture, and electronic equipment as their incomes increase. The scope of management science is broad and is closely linked with economic theory, decision sciences and accounting. Managerial economics may be viewed as economics applied to problem solving at the level of the firm. Sunk costs, fixed costs and average costs do not affect marginal analysis.
Economic theory and theory of decision making appear to be in conflict, each based on different set of assumptions. While considering the scope of managerial economics we have to understand whether it is positive economics or normative economics. Example: A company has the capacity to produce goods worth of Rs. Subject Matter of Marginal Economics 7. The primary function is to make the most profitable use of resources which are limited such as labor, capital, land etc. Given the resources at their command, each household is assumed to act consistently to maximize its satisfaction, and each firm is assumed to act consistently to maximise its profits. As regards the pricing of products being produced by a business entity, it is one of the most critical decisions for a manager to fix the price of particular products as it is by means of pricing decisions taken by a manager, the inflow of revenue is determined.
Marginal analysis can only address what happens if the firm hires one additional employee, produces one additional product, devotes additional space to research and so forth. The chief contribution of macro-economics is in the area of forecasting. Moreover, it enables to take decisions about appropriate production and inventory policies for the future. Having asked what quantities of goods and services are produced, how they are produced and to whom they are distributed, it is natural to go on to ask whether the production and distribution decisions are efficient. The micro-economic analysis may be undertaken at three levels: i The equalisation of individual consumers and produces; ii The equalization of the single market; iii The simultaneous equilibrium of all markets.
There are, of course, other questions that arise, but these seven questions are the mojor ones common to all types of market economies. The opportunity lost earning Rs. There exists a wide gap between the theory of firm and business economics in practise. The empirical nature of managerial economics makes its scope wider. Demand will increase ; the demand curve will slope rightward. Identify possible alternative solutions 4. Apart from the above studies, the managerial economist has to perform certain specific functions.
Why can some individuals and groups consume large share of capital of the natonal output while other individuals and groups consume only a small share? Thus economics is of significant use in modern business as decision making is the core of business and the success in the business depends on right decisions. He not only provides information regarding their present level but also forecasts their future trend. On the vertical axis Price P is represented. It is a technological relation between what is fed into the productive apparatus by way of inputs of factor services and what is turned out by way of product. Economists assume that price is the most influencing factor of quantity of any product purchased. Similarly, a change in expectations relating to future product availability may affect current demand.