However, by 11:00 am, Grant, reinforced by 2,000 marines, hit Stirling's center and Stirling was attacked on his left by the Hessians. A disaster for American fortunes in New York, the defeat at Long Island was the first in a string of reverses which culminated in the British capture of the city and surrounding area. He and his army traveled southward, in an attempt to cut them off before the attack. The Americans listed about 1,400 casualties from the rout on Long Island. When he realized that the main British force had come through the Jamaica Pass and would soon surround him, Sullivan ordered his men to retreat to Brooklyn Heights before he himself was captured.
At that time, New York City was only at the southern end of. The troops on Long Island were led by. The withdrawal had worked without the British finding out. Washington realized that he had been wrong about a feint on Long Island and he ordered more troops to Brooklyn from Manhattan. Follow-up to the Battle of Long Island: The loss of Long Island and New York constituted the worst period of the war for Washington and the American cause for independence. General Stirling held off the British for several hours but retreated when he also realized that he would be surrounded. The Americans then tried to engage the British and both sides started seeing heavy losses, this scared the American troops and many tried to flee, the Hessians saw their chance and joined the affray.
American withdrawal across the river to New York: Battle of Long Island on 27th August 1776 in the American Revolutionary War On 15th September 1776, Washington was forced to leave New York. On August 28, Washington heard of this attack and, in a panic, tried to come with reinforcements. Battle of Long Island On August 26, in the evening, Lieutenant General Leopold P. The Delaware Regiment at the Battle of Long Island. He arrived just in time to spot the tail end of Howe's column of baggage trains moving through the pass. Washington realized by this time that his assumption of the main attack on Manhattan was wrong; he ordered more troops from Manhattan to Brooklyn. The British made a march through the day of night through the Jamaica pass with a small contingent left behind to harass the Americans and give them the belief that the British had not moved.
During the early years of the war there were decisive victories on both sides, but who was to win the Battle of Long Island also known as the battle of Brooklyn. This strategic success brought the British to the foot of Brooklyn Heights. The British occupied New York until 1783, when they evacuated the city as agreed in the Treaty of Paris,. Colonel Tallmadge was in one of the last units to leave, and with regret he left his horse tied on the Long Island shore. Serving as a militia colonel under British General Edward Braddock in 1755, the Virginian had fought gallantly at Fort Duquesne, but the British lost anyway. Later that day, August 30, 10 British frigates and 20 gunboats and sloops finally sailed up the river. Washington understood that the would provide an excellent base for the British Navy during the campaign.
Advancing slowly to pin Stirling in place, Grant's troops took heavy fire from the Americans. Even that passage was about to be cut off by the enemy, led by Cornwallis. While under fierce attack they made an orderly retreat to the Cortelyou house, a stone structure that commanded the Mill Dam Road and bridge, the only escape route across the Gowanus Salt Marsh. Things did not bode well for the Continental Army. Under the cover of darkness British soldiers managed to gain a position between American forces on Guan and the main force on Brooklyn Heights. Stirling's last Stand at the Battle of Long Island This retreat was unsuspected by the British leaders on land and water until it was too late to pursue.
Anyone intercepting the messages would think that Washington was planning to bring reinforcements to Long Island; in reality he hoped to evacuate his entire army before the British realized what he was doing. Brigadier General James Grant, with the left wing, advanced along the coast by the west road, near the narrows; but this was intended chiefly as a feint. Around this time five British ships attempted to sail up the East River to cut off any possible American evacuation but the wind had shifted and they were unable to do so. Armies and Commanders In the Battle of Long Island, the British army was led by General William Howe with an army of nearly 20,000 soldiers. Within the American position at Brooklyn, Washington possessed around 9,500 men. As the dim first-light appeared in the cloudy, gray eastern sky, part of the rear guard was still on the wrong side of the river.
British fleet amassing off the shores of Staten Island in the summer of 1776 It was only after hearing about the early morning British attack that Washington sent his troops stationed on Manhattan Island to reinforce those on Long Island. They passed the batteries at Fort Washington and elsewhere, and, having narrowly escaped some fireships and accomplished their errand, they returned to the fleet. Casualties at the Battle of Long Island: British casualties were around 400 men killed and wounded, while the Americans lost around 2,000 men killed, wounded and captured, and several guns. As these troops moved into position, they continued work on the city's fortifications. They were seamen and fishermen, so they were accustomed to shipboard discipline and were quick to carry out orders.
The defeat at Long Island cost Washington 312 killed, 1,407 wounded, and 1,186 captured. But the two Adams men decided Washington would lend dignity to the cause. . Livingston, faced with insufficient manpower, abandoned Long Island to the British in September. Moving through Jamaica Pass undetected, Howe's men fell upon Putnam's left wing the following morning. Still farther east of the left flank of Putnam's line were 500 riflemen.
On July 2, the British, led by General William Howe and his brother , began arriving and made camp on Staten Island. In June the decision was made to construct Fort Washington at the northern end of Manhattan and Fort Lee across in New Jersey to prevent passage up the Hudson River. However, the British forces were too strong and they forced the Americans to evacuate the city of Brooklyn entirely. The British Arrive In New York General William Howe was in command of the huge armada that began arriving in New York in early July. On Brooklyn Heights, a large complex of redoubts and entrenchments took shape that included the original Fort Stirling and ultimately mounted 36 guns. The main groups of the Continental Army retreated from New York City but a small band of American Sharpshooters hid 30ft off of the main trail looking for the British as they marched after the American militia. Meeting no resistance, British forces, led by , advanced to Flatbush and made camp.
On June 29th the first of the British ships arrived and dropped anchor, this was only a small contingent of what was to arrive as within 7 days 130 British ships were at anchor. The Americans were under the overall command of General George Washington. Out of these, Jamaica Pass was the least known and was located at the easternmost end of the Island. Leading a total of 32,000 men, Howe prepared his plans for taking New York while his brother's ships secured control of the waterways around the city. Furthermore, placing a Virginian in the post would help deflect criticism that Massachusetts was dominating the Revolution.