During the California Gold Rush he ran a steamship line from New York to California via Nicaragua. As successful as he would be in business, he was a terrible father and husband. It is believed to be correct at the time of inputting and is presented here in good faith. Vanderbilt is regarded as the patriarch of the Vanderbilt dynasty. Three of his daughters and son Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt contested the will on the grounds that their father had insane delusions and was of unsound mind. Torrance and Sloane, brothers-in-law, came later. Vanderbilt, Cornelius, and William K.
New York: The Press Association Compilers, Inc. They had 13 children, of whom Cornelius made his son William Henry Vanderbilt his only heir. It also reached Detroit, southern parts of Michigan, and Oil City, Pennsylvania. His ancestors were from the town of De Bilt in the Netherlands. The business flourished and emerged as one of the most dominant ferry services on the busy Philadelphia-New York City route. While active preparations were making for an immediate trial he sent a laconic note to his attorneys telling them to stop proceedings and ask no questions. Over the years he partially tackled the issue but always hated putting pen to paper.
Also a leading philanthropist, he endowed a large sum for the construction of Vanderbilt University and donated generously to the churches. The Vanderbilts extended their lines to Chicago by acquiring the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern railroads, the Canadian Southern, and the Michigan Central. Alternative Title: Commodore Vanderbilt Cornelius Vanderbilt, byname Commodore Vanderbilt, born May 27, 1794, Port Richmond, Staten Island, New York, U. The couple had thirteen children. Vanderbilt reportedly had his son Cornelius Jeremiah twice committed to a lunatic asylum. Born poor and having but a mediocre education, he used perseverance, intelligence and luck to work into leadership positions in the inland water trade, and invest in the rapidly growing railroad industry.
He also provided the first rail service between New York and Chicago. Rough in manners, he developed a reputation for honesty. His second wife, was Frank Armstrong Crawford, who was 45 years younger than Cornelius. Terry spoke to him he returned no answer. Later, upon recognizing the superiority of steam over sailing vessels, he became a captain on a steam ferry between New York and New Brunswick.
His quarrels were almost never personal and he became friends with most later on in life; Gould and Jim Fisk, though, proved an exception. The interview which precipitated this rupture is said to have been extremely interesting. He believed in charging very little for his services which were a style he was known for even as his fortune grew. He is best known for building the New York Central Railroad. It was an arduous albeit predominately natural passage, one which would utilize the San Juan River and Lake Nicaragua between the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
Then, during the , he enlarged his operation to a small fleet, with which he supplied government outposts around the city. This union was discouraged by his parents, but he did it anyway. In later life he was known as Commodore Vanderbilt. Apparently well on the way to fame and fortune, in 1818 Vanderbilt sold all his interests and turned his attention to steamboats. This very large Midwestern had a history tracing as far back as the 1830s and grew through a combination of takeovers and mergers.
The son of an impoverished farmer and boatman, Vanderbilt quit school at age 11 to work on the waterfront. This background set the stage for young Cornelius's future endeavors. Nearing 60 years old, Vanderbilt was ready for something else. He was able to persuade Vanderbilt to donate to a University in the war-scarred South. At age 18, Vanderbilt contracted with the U. The man suffered a great deal but he never showed any feelings of despondency, and his suicide was the last thing in the world that his friends thought of. New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Looking out the north end of the Murray Hill Tunnel towards the station in 1880; note the labels for the New York, Harlem and New York, and New Haven Railroads; the New York Central and Hudson River was off to the left.
Terry and himself were assigned to rooms Nos. Vanderbilt then acquired the Central Railroad 1867 , merged it with the Hudson River Railroad, and leased the Harlem to the new company. He bought control of the Hudson River Railroad in 1864, the New York Central Railroad in 1867, and the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway in 1869. Jay Gould then started the American Telegraph Company and nearly forced Western Union out of business. Later, upon becoming the president of the New York Central railroad, he merged it with the Hudson River railroad, giving rise to one of the first giant corporations in American history.
His vessels were stable craft which offered the passenger not only comfort but often luxury. Vanderbilt was born decades prior to the steam engine's widespread use. If interested in a complete biography of Vanderbilt please consider a copy of T. In 1871, Cornelius Vanderbilt financed a monument to his empire: the Grand Central Depot. He died without a struggle, with William H. In August, 1854, he invited a large number of persons to accompany him upon the trial trip of his new steam-boat Yankee Blade.