After attending local schools, Okara entered Nigeria's British-administered higher education system when he was 14. But later as the mystic drum stopped beating, men became men, and fishes became fishes. They have compromised the good values that held Africans together and gave them a sense of identity and togetherness such as kindness and sincerity in what they do or feel. The novel creates a symbolic landscape in which the forces of traditional African culture and Western materialism contend. Will there ever be a generation to take us back to our undistorted and equanimous root? At First,The Speaker Speaks As If He Want To Follow The Sounds Of The Drummer But He Diverted His Reaction And Sound As Though He Again Want To Follow The Piano. The father in this poem regrets the compromises he has made and that have resulted to the loss of his dignity and pride.
As he becomes aware of the loss of his African identity he wants to sharply take a u-turn and go back to correct the mistake he has done. By extension,africans should either returns to their origin, which is more preferable,or to cling on western civilization. This could have come to both countries with industrialization and business. This suggests, even more, falseness and changes. Childhood; Confusion over how she should feel about her race; Confusion over what is human and what is cultural.
It takes a knowledgeable and creative mind to understand the message Gabriel conveys with this tremendous poem. A largely self-educated man, Okara became a bookbinder after leaving school and soon began writing plays and features for radio. Then there is a shift in sound from the music to the sound of a person running that creates a dramatic effect, because the scene is completely dark with only the headlights from the car to guide the viewers through the setting of the scene. He has been extremely successful in apprehending the moods, sights and sounds of Africa. But lost in the labyrinth of its complexities, it ends in the middle of a phrase at a daggerpoint. They look like a smiling picture fixed on the wall that keeps smiling.
Each stanza closes with his base reaction to hearing each instrument. He says to his son; The persona is struggling for change. First, we hear the sound of the instrument. Therefore, the implication is that the persona is false just like the people he despises. The first two stanzas have 16 lines together that make full description of the drum as the poet perceives it.
This poem portrays a dark and foreboding atmosphere that serves are a warning to what may lie ahead for humankind if we continue on our current path toward destruction. There are essentially three parts to each one. These words soothe and ease the reader into a likewise comfortable state to better their understanding of his intention, which becomes clear later in the poem. Bringing this closer, let Yoruba entity is taken as a case study to represent the whole Africa since Yoruba is one among enormous entities in the continent. We get an impression that while it is seductive, it is far more complex and multi-layered. But standing behind the tree, there stood an outsider who smiled with an air of indifference at the richness of their culture. The need to reconcile the extremes of experience life and death are common themes preoccupies his verse, and a typical poem has a circular movement from everyday reality to a moment of joy and back to reality again.
Okara also shows a concern on the topic of what happens when the ancient culture of Africa is faced with modern western culture. This is because the day is fresh and uncontaminated by other activities or sounds. The rhythm of the drum is the aching for an ideal Nigerian State of harmony. That is drum at the stage of performing communication function. Once Upon a Time is a comment on the hypocritical society that we live in today in which we are wary of emotion, distrustful of affection and guarded of laughter.
This confused me the first time I read the poem, but on re-reads it makes perfect sense. The poet asserts that first, as the drum beat inside him, fishes danced in the rivers and men and women danced on the land to the rhythm of the drum. This is because the day is fresh and uncontaminated by other activities or sounds. In a business, everybody is out for themselves and all they think about is there profit. It conveys to the reader a subtle feeling that Okara is no longer part of the beating of the drum; it is implied to be a kind of message — although it brings out raw and fresh emotion in him, it is telegraphed, not played in all its purity. Thus he is unable to dwcide whether to let go of the inherited culture or embrace the new one this is the plight of many educated africans today. And in terms of the literary terms, there are assonances in line 3 jungle drums , in line 4 mystic rhythm , etc.
In other words, africans are more or less bastards of two mothers, Africa and Europe or the West. Any line reproduced from the article has to be appropriately documented by the reader. You Laughed and Laughed and Laughed is a by writer. He speaks regretfully about the present time when people are not like before. Gradually her roots struck the ground.
The outsider still continued to smile at the culture from the distance. The expression of those ideas only works on the level it does because of the way each line of the poem flows into the other. The ancestral glory overpowers other considerations. Because it will make learning more easy and interesting. She is comfortable and lazy in her age, now living out her days sleeping.