After you list a book title, list the place of publication of the book. A different edition of the play is not a secondary source though an introduction, preface, or afterwards published with the play might be a good secondary source. Bibliography, the systematic cataloging, study, and description of written and printed works, especially books. While it points out distinctive features about the item it does not analyze the author's conclusions. Place an ampersand before the final author's name as well. Then include the city in which the book was published, followed by a colon, and the publisher of the book.
What Format to Choose for Your Annotated Bibliography? To organize and keep track of your research, write a letter on each bibliography card, and then, on each note card for that source, write the same letter and a number. You might not have to consult any more secondary sources, and you might not even have to open your book to the play. Do not waste time reading all you can about the play. There are a lot of different types of sources you can use in a research paper. Your teacher will probably tell you which set of guidelines to use. Methods pioneered at the and the were accurate in assigning early hand-printed books not only to countries and towns but to specific printers.
If the source has no author, start with the title. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there. For a person: Full name last name first. The website title should be underlined if hand written but italicized when typed onto the final bibliography page. Most books written on a huge variety of subjects and in a lot of genres;. A is a list of sources that were referenced to write an academic paper, a , a book, a critique, an or any other type of academic writing. Depending on the type of source you need to cite, you may have a title or a url.
It is easier to copy too much bibliographic information than to find a missing piece when you are typing your paper. Each card contains the information about one source. Please pay attention to the last sentence. Your references page should be a new page after the last page of your paper. These bibliography cards can then be put in the proper order and used when preparing a works cited page. Start a preliminary, or draft, bibliography by listing on a separate sheet of paper all your sources. The format is as follows: Author, A.
If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. Then the article title should come in parentheses, with a comma at the end of the title inside the parentheses. Online Resources Internet: Author of message, Date. Include volume and issue numbers for magazines and, for internet sources, precede the title with the date the source was written.
Conclude the citation with a period. Physical objects, such as samples of minerals and the like, should be listed separately. . It will often include websites, in which case the date of access should be given, as websites change. The year of publication followed the author's name, then the title of the article, then the name of the journal, then the journal issue number and volume if there is one , and then the page numbers.
After the invention of printing in the 15th century, however, books proliferated, and organizing information about them became both more necessary and more practical. The article points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of age not of the games themselves. Write the name of the company or organization, the name of the web page or article, the date it was last modified, and the full web address. English Composition 2 Researching and Writing the Research Paper The idea of writing a long research paper can be intimidating at first, but try to take things one step at a time. Location and Summary The front of the bibliography card should also include the location of the source.
If you have two or more works by the same author or two authors with the same name , list the works chronologically with the earliest publication first and the most recently published last. If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author's conclusions to the research being conducted. Then include the title of the work you are referencing, and underline this title.
Then, place a period after the initials. Make sure that you italicize the volume number, but not the issue number or page numbers. Find out which documentation system you are supposed to use. Students must also include the page numbers where an idea is found. This article was co-authored by. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1982.