She is the chief predecessor of Scotts contemporary and rival, Jane Austen, the daughter of a provincial clergyman, whose knowledge of the world was practically confined to the county in which she lived and the watering places, like Bath, where she spent an occasional vacation. What would you choose for your name and why? You think prose, you think of essays and lengthy stories, both of which can be tedious and overly lengthy when compared to the other poetry styles. In the time of Shakespeare, to go no farther back, the playwrights frankly dramatized familiar stories from history, romance, and novella, and occasionally the story of a popular play was retold in prose narrative. Note that there is good repetition and bad repetition. In our discussions and in our own writing, we will consider how nonfiction prose can be a mode of perception, reflection, persuasion, and action. The prevalence of the scientific point of view, so marked since the promulgation of the theories of Charles Darwin, has left distinct traces on the history of fiction. Again, the sympathy of the author unconsciously determines questions of relative stress and emphasis; and intimate qualities of temperament and imagination affect the atmosphere in which the most baldly reported incidents take place.
Instead it gives readers a plethora of pieces that have the loosest connections such. The second person is often used to create a special relationship between the reader and the work. Since the motives of men are more usually complex than simple, it is a safe assumption that even those who have frankly written for a living, or who have acknowledged the lure of ambition, have had other things in view as well, and have not found profit or honor incompatible with deeper and more altruistic aims. Does it have a family significance or a special cultural meaning? Cable, and Thomas Nelson Page, of the Middle West by Meredith Nicholson and Booth Tarkington. The paragraphs may be descriptive in nature, but they also may use dialogue. If the short story is based on facts or real people and events, it is nonfiction.
Here are some implications of this one line: no independence, locked in, no sense of curiosity, outside force preventing a journey, not ready to leave. · Initial incident: the event that puts the story in gear · Rising action: the series of complications in the narrative · Climax: the highest point of interest, action or tension. Finally, characters can be interpreted as being more than just characters, but represent the themes and lessons in a story. She reminds him that his 'great expectations' aren't looking so great. The novel Great Expectations by Charles Dickens tells the story of an orphan boy born into poverty in the English countryside and how, through a string of seemingly random events, his fortunes are changed and he is able to move up in society.
But, after all allowance for this has been made, many of the elements of effective story-telling remain common to both novel and play. Prose can be novels, short stories, or essays--it is any text in paragraph form. Their opening and closing lines of chapters or scenes are, therefore, usually very significant and should be closely examined. This handout will provide a brief review of terms and processes associated with the study of literature. The character was a short sketch of a typical figure of the time, used largely for purposes of social satire, apparently general in its application, but not infrequently written with an individual in view.
Authors place special emphasis on the first and last impressions they make on a reader. At the very beginning of the novel, Pip visits his parents' graves in the dark marshes near where he lives with his brother and his brother's wife. But she had tact enough to confine her books to the life she knew; and this life, with its squires, its curates, its old ladies, its managing mothers and eligible daughters, is pictured with a minuteness and fidelity that has scarcely been surpassed. Thus in the most severely realistic work selection is necessary, the selection of what seems significant to the author; and with this selection the personal element has already entered. · Falling action: the series of events occurring after the climax · Denouement: the resolution that ties up the loose ends of the plot These form the skeleton of a discussion about plot.
Julius Caesar Levels of Interpretation Complex works of literature afford many avenues of interpretation. Also, if you're confused about an action or a detail within the story, using the Freytag Pyramid is an excellent tool for helping figure out the confusing portion by using the context clues in the rest of the story. Or, 'It's about dealing with death. One of the finest of modern masters of the art, Mr. This is a distinction which everyone is accustomed to recognize in daily intercourse, yet which even professional critics are liable to muddle at times in the discussion of art. These rough inferences may lead you to a better understanding of character and theme. Many of them, from their pre-occupation with the criminal classes, approach the picaresque; and even Robinson Crusoe, justly the most popular, is more an adventure tale than a novel.
If the short story describes imaginary events or people, it is fiction. This variety of fiction is usually regarded as beginning with The Castle of Otranto of Horace Walpole, the son of the great Whig minister, Sir Robert Walpole, and the type of the fashionable dilettante of the London of his day. Of course, such an abnormality has a cause; but the obscurity of the cause makes this possibility a special case under our first explanationit is not easily displayed in connection with its true causes. Yet there are some who have written with neither of these in view, like Jane Austen, who died leaving a considerable part of her work unpublished, and apparently without having sought to publish it. He hopes to relieve anxiety of mind, to unwrinkle a brow bent with the furrows of daily toil. Dickens characteristically combines the improvement of the individual with the reform of institutions.
This view has been arrived at by the observation and meditation which he has practised throughout his life; the conclusions which it involves affect the interpretation of everything that comes under his notice; and its first effect on his art is in determining the choice of subjects to be treated. The seventeenth century had seen, especially in comedy, the drama descending from heroic themes of kings and princes to pictures of contemporary life in ordinary society, not highly realistic as we understand the term, yet reproducing many of the types and much of the atmosphere existing around the author. · Major: the character or characters who play a significant role in the work · Minor: the characters who are utilized for a specific purpose, such as moving the plot along or contrasting with a major character · Dynamic: refers to characters who undergo major changes, such as Jane Eyre · Static: generally refers to characters who remain the same throughout the story. In similar vein his Clarissa is proposed as an exemplar to her sex, and is made as perfect as is consistent with human frailty, her faults being put in chiefly lest there should be nothing for the Divine grace and a purified state to do. Crisis or Climax The conflict reaches its critical point with the crisis. Falling Action The story is getting resolved, but isn't resolved completely yet. Almost all types of literary production continue to appear, but whether we judge from the lists of publishers, the statistics of public libraries, or general conversation, we find abundant evidence of the enormous preponderance of this kind of literary entertainment in popular favor.
In fact, Great Expectations is often described as a coming-of-age novel. Again, these hints can be subtle, and often it is upon a second reading that foreshadowing becomes more apparent and small details take on new meaning. · Allegory: A work that operates on another level. The romantic hero is the cornerstone of the novel, which often includes exotic locales e. You can try this with any work.