Though, the French did not think it through very well, becausewhen the revolution was over, the country was one huge chaos and noother European country wanted anything to do with the bloodthirstyFrench who had slaughtered thousands in their revolution. The king granted women the right to vote, French citizens claimed their natural rights, The king raised taxes to pay off the public debt, or, French citizens supported the king against the nobles. Most of those who criticised the church and its higher clergy were not atheists, nor were they opposed to religion. This belief allowed the Bourgeoisie to attack the foundations of the government, demanding that one's political power be dictated by one's contribution to society. From how many crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his fellows: Beware of listening to this imposter; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody.
With many Nobles supporting the Bourgeoisie and third class, more and more did the people begin losing their faith in the old regime. The Social Contract is a model that describes the origin of society and the legitimacy of the state over the individual. Actually he was both at the same time. Another example is , an English charter issued in 1215, that required the King to renounce certain rights and accept that his will could be bound by the law. All individuals were entitled to live in safety, to be free from oppression, to acquire property and have it safe from theft or seizure. High unemployment and high bread prices at this time, due in part to the climate caused famine and in part to poor distribution resulted in more money being spent on food and less money in other areas of the economy.
This was instrumental to the revolution, because the French people used these views such as John Locke's natural rights to justify their need for a revolution. They wanted a say in the reigning of the country as well. He was a radical libertarian as regards social, political and even sexual freedom. The American colonies had enjoyed a large degree of self-government, and they wanted even greater freedom from British control, so they resented the imposition of stronger British rule and heavier taxes. One can also know immediately that the colour of the print on a page is different from the colour of the page itself—i. This hope was also inspired by the newly successful American Revolution.
As with all feudal systems, the upper classes did not have to pay taxes and had all the advantages, while the hardest working, and yet poorer, folks were left in even tighter straits because of their richer counterparts. Locke remained in for more than five years 1683—89. Personal Locke discussed another problem that had not before received sustained attention: that of. The National Assembly began the process of drafting a constitution. The most obvious difference was that the American Revolution resulted in the newly independent United States, whereas the French Revolution overthrew its own government. But as the strong can use their power to deprive the weak of liberty, governments are instituted to protect the rights of all.
The —intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as , and , but they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters. Whensoever therefore the Legislative shall transgress this fundamental Rule of Society; and either by Ambition, Fear, Folly or Corruption, endeavor to grasp themselves, or put into the hands of any other an Absolute Power over the Lives, Liberties, and Estates of the People; By this breach of Trust they forfeit the Power, the People had put into their hands, for quite contrary ends, and it devolves to the People, who have a Right to resume their original Liberty. He saw a fundamental divide between human nature and society. The first treatise The first was aimed squarely at the work of another 17th-century political theorist, Sir , whose 1680, though probably written in the 1630s defended the theory of : the authority of every king is divinely sanctioned by his descent from —according to the , the first king and the father of humanity. There was growing concern that the royals would stack the parliaments; the Estates in order to enforce their desires. His philosophical was close to that of the founders of modern , especially , Sir , and other members of the. After the revolution, there was more equality between sexes, and women earned much more privileges.
The Ancien Régime also used torture to deal with its opponents, though this declined in the late 1700s and was formally abolished in May 1788. The stories of the French soldiers that hadfought in America began to spread and the French people wanted ademocratic, independent non-royal state as well. He alsowrote about how people are born with these natural rights whichcannot be taken away. Through his friend Richard Lower, whom he knew from the Westminster School, Locke was introduced to medicine and the experimental philosophy. This was done despite the financial burden on the populace and warnings by some against such a display.
The basis of this executive power would be excised in regular, periodic assemblies by the government. They therefore wanted improvements to be equal to their peers in these countries. Which in result, they collaborated to stand for a change. When conflicts arose, noble leaders called themselves the checks and balances to avoid hatred. The dutyof that government is to protect the natural rights of the … people,which Locke believed to include life, liberty, and property.
MrV American Revolution Montesquieu saw despotism, in particular, as a standing danger for any government not already despotic, and argued that it could best be prevented by a system in which different bodies exercised legislative, executive, and judicial power, and in which all those bodies were bound by the rule of law. Its importance in the English-speaking world of the 18th century can scarcely be overstated. It reverberated with the public execution of the aristocracy via the guillotine and ended up dragging every European power and Russia into war due to Napoleon's conquests. The group had gathered to consider questions of and revealed religion knowledge of God derived through. Objective 2: Compare and contrast the views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. His assassination took place en route to an ostensible trial at the Palais Royal.