Parents have the responsibility to see that children learn how consequences result from their actions. Hence the problem of understanding can be a hurdle in effective running. For instance an armed robber has power but no authority. Relieving an over-burdened top executive Staff specialists devote their time to think, to gather data, and to analyze them on behalf of their busy superiors. Line authority and staff authority conforms to two types of employees; line staff and staff personnel.
The function of people in a pure staff capacity is to investigate, research, and give advice to line managers. Marriage is a partnership based on respect. Staff authority is the right to advise or counsel those with line authority. Moreover, line managers are directly accountable for sales and production target achievement, whereas staff managers extend support to help them achieve their goals. Staff personnel may not be employed by all types of organizations. The success of the work team depends on how well each group can work together in efforts to increase productivity and performance.
Decision Making Since staff officials do most of the research, some line managers begin to rely too heavily on the staff expert's advice. Dilution of authority: Staff managers often dilute the authority and be- little the responsibilities of line managers. If a marriage has team leadership rather than an individual boss, the struggle that is then required to arrive at joint decisions strengthens the relationship. I will make certain decisions, whether or not you totally agree with them. Conflicts Due to the Very Nature of Line and Staff Relationships : 1. Lack of proper authority: Staff often alleges that despite having the best solutions to the problems being faced in their areas of specialization, they fail to contribute to organizational goals. Staff takes the credit for achieving the results, which is actually achieved by the line people.
Brought to you by Lines of Authority The power and authority of decision-making are different for line and staff managers. This results in impractical suggestions, making it difficult to achieve organizational goals. Responsibility in marriage involves recognizing your needs, expressing them, listening to your partners needs, and then struggling together to come up with a decision which best respects them all Parenting is built on responsibility, not authority. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. Line just informs staff after taking decisions.
It is always important to strike a balance between centralized and decentralized functions in an organization. Staff employees provide advice and support to line workers that is intended to help them achieve company objectives. While usually not an issue, when the staff expert is wrong and the line exec doesn't notice, inefficient decision making results. Organizational Theory, Design, and Change. It is more complex than line concern. Human resources managers also typically assume implied authority to act in the company's best interests in nearly all personnel issues, without the need to run every decision by the owners. Lack of demarcation between line and staff authority: In practice it is difficult to make a distinction between line and staff authority.
Staff specialists help the line managers in taking better decisions by providing expert advice. As the staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity, it relieves the line managers of the botheration of concentrating on specialized functions. Line managers sometimes may resent the activities of staff members, feeling that prestige and influence of line managers suffer from the presence of the specialists. Staff groups are therefore responsible to their appropriate line units. It is an activity of the organizing function.
The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. If the troops areunsuccessful to complete the task, then they will be punished. Staff groups support those engaged in the central productive activity of the enterprise. Other authors might write novels, or poems, or short stories, or personal essays. An escape clause for staff specialists Staff specialists only propose a plan; others must make the decision to adopt the plan and put it into operation. Typically, these goals are targets for revenues and profits. Similarly, line managers should also be made responsible for decision making and they should have corresponding authority for the same.
However different groups of people have gotten a hold on these dogs and used them for different purposes. Problems of conflict may arise, but organizations that clearly delineate responsibility can help minimize such conflict. Staff authority enables those responsible for improving the effectiveness of line personnel to perform their required tasks. Since such conflicts lead to loss of time and organizational effectiveness, it is always desirable to identify the sources of such conflicts and initiate necessary action to overcome them. However, studies indicate that although line-staff may preserve the appearance of formal line authority, staff groups, particularly specialized staff, often in effect assume decision-making responsibilities because their lines of communication to upper management are shorter. This is the case for staff specialists who monitor and report on line performance.
An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists. Line and Staff Authority In an organization, the line authority flows from top to bottom and the staff authority is exercised by the specialists over the line managers who advise them on important matters. Staff positions can be further defined as technical or support people. This type of organization requires the appointment of large number of staff officers or experts in addition to the line officers. Staff authority - granted to staff specialists in their areas of expertise.