The story begins with a vivid description of a train station surrounded by hills and fields. Although a literal reading of the title may not seem to have any relation to the story, the title is rich in implications. The main literary analysis that will be explained is the significance of the title and how it is layered into the story in various places. Another possible interpretation of the Absinthe relates to its appeal and effects. The landscape surrounding the station is described as the valley of the Ebro River, with long white hills on each side and brown dusty ground in between. This is the reality of what Jig is going through. They are silent for a while, but the American brings the operation up again, and Jig tells him in return that they could get along if she did not have it.
This scene tells us a lot about the couple's situation. When the American agrees, she contradicts him, saying it has all been taken away from them and that they can never get it back. Considering the point of view, the significance of the location and its relevance to the story, the structure of the text, the symbolic meaning of the two landscapes and the title of the story, the entrails of the story are exposed. They struggle to communicate their opposing viewpoints on the course their relationship should take. They are deciding whether or not to make an abortion, which is indirectly implied on the narrative.
The girl, however, has moved away from the rational world of the man and into her own world of intuition, in which she seemingly knows that the things that she desires will never be fulfilled. The woman who has been serving their drinks tells them that the train will soon arrive, and the man gets up and takes their luggage over to the train stop. Once there, he asks if she feels better and she smiles serenely at him, telling him she is fine and betraying no anxiety of any kind. Other critics conclude that the woman ultimately decides to get an abortion. The reader can quickly figure out that the operation the two main characters, the American and Jig, are discussing is an abortion. Hemingway utilizes under-lexicalisation to illustrate how the couple is avoiding both directly discussing and acknowledging their issue. Will they break up or stay together? She has a baby which is, at this time in her life, useless to her.
The woman came out from the bar. Then, such authors as Dickens or Trollope would often address their readers directly. The symbols in this story are vague leaving much to interpretation and imagination for the reader. On one side of the station there is vegetation and fields of grain, while the other side is dry and barren Short Stories for Students 159. I also loved that you quantified a lot of elements.
These symbols from the story are the hills, white elephants, and the railroad station. They are sitting at a table outside a train station, waiting for a train to Madrid. Jig is quiet and obviously skeptical. Throughout the story, the woman is distant; the American is rational. It centers around two waiters and an elderly man who patronizes the café late at night before closing time.
First of all, Hemingway is very descriptive of the setting. The shadow of a cloud moved across the field of grain and she saw the river through the trees. It seems that he realizes he has lost the argument and he takes a few minutes away from her to drink another liqueur in the bar before returning to their table. Jig remarks that it tastes like licorice, and the two begin bickering again. Jig all of a sudden begins smiling at the barmaid and at the American; she seems to have a new confidence and serenity about her, and the American gives up the argument to take the bags to the other side of the tracks.
Compare this narrative technique to the traditional nineteenth-century method of telling a story. Certain themes arise from this story such as choices and consequences, doubt and ambiguity, and how men and women relate. She apparently wants to have the baby and settle down to a normal life, but he wants her to abort their baby so that they can continue their adventures for the world. I just meant the coloring of their skin through the trees. At first glance, the discussion that takes place in story seems like a minor argument between a couple at a train station in Spain. She is unclear about what she wants and needs, and she is unable to make up her mind.
When it was written, authors were expected to guide readers through a story. The final theme derived from this story is how men and women relate to each other. Though the immediate problem is the unwanted pregnancy, the experience has revealed that the relationship is a shallow one. But the story ends without clear resolution, so this does not show is they manage to find common ground. Hemingway explores older men's loneliness by using the older waiter as a sounding board for the elderly man's defense.
Frustrated and placating, the American man will say almost anything to convince his girlfriend to have the operation, which, although never mentioned by name, is understood to be an abortion. Glossary the Ebro a river in northeastern Spain; the second longest river in Spain. The girl compares the nearby hills to white elephants. This demonstrates the powerlessness of the girl; she is always asking the man for the answers. The American is anxious that Jig have the abortion and gives lip service to the fact that he still loves Jig and will love her whether she has the procedure done or not.
However, he clearly is insisting that she do so. In other words, they have always been in the same place, and they will always be that way they are. The hills symbolize big obstacles that she must climb, but they are not enormous mountains. He counters that he does not want anyone else in his life but her and that the operation is perfectly simple. After finishing the story, many readers are able to infer that they did not keep the baby.