The actions of nature can also create human made disasters, such as storms knocking out electrical equipment or causing chemical spills. The plant experienced a partial meltdown, but only a small amount of radiation was released. Second, lava may be produced during the eruption of a volcano. Providing adequate compensation to the affected people by way of money and employment. They are sudden, drastic and normally occur without any alarm or warning.
Nearly half are now functional and proactively implementing their plans. The definition of arson was originally limited to setting fire to buildings, but was later expanded to include other objects, such as bridges, vehicles, and private property. Flooding, in India, is a major problem and some part or the other is affected by the fury of floods usually during the months from July to September. The gas formed a deadly cloud causing severe body irritation, coughing, lung swelling, bleeding, and even death from direct concentrated inhalation. The Bhopal, India disaster, a gas leak, resulted in nearly 30,000 deaths.
People living in slums in the vicinity of the factory were the most affected and more than 5000 people were killed, half of them due to direct exposure and other half due to after affects. Small spills occasionally occur, but these incidents generally cause the public little difficulty other than traffic delays. Man-made disasters are destructive and horrific. There are some which have been termed as the most famous natural disasters and by learning more about them it becomes easier to handle the calamity when disaster strikes. As climate change impacts become more frequent and devastating, the development of disaster management protocols is crucial in mitigating risk. Hazard reduction programmes: These include the following: i.
Although natural disasters are caused by nature, not by humans, the activities of humans can have an influence on them. These have adversely affected the vital sectors of our development as agriculture, communication, irrigation, power projects and rural and urban settlements. Risks emanating from geophysical hazards need to be better recognized in highly exposed urban areas across the world because their potential costs are rising exponentially with economic development. Thus, droughts are a natural phenomenon, beyond human control and prevention. However, there are attacks that are unnatural and man made such as wars, explosions, chemical spills, etc. Another tragic effect of man-made disasters occurs when the Holocaust happened because thousands of people were killed based upon their race and religion. They include earthquake, tsunami, flood, typhoon, hurricane, tempest, avalanches, land slide etc.
Approximately 100 to 150 million curies of radiation radioactive isotopes of iodine and caesium escaped into the atmosphere. War and deliberate attacks may also be put in this category. Among them heavy rainfall during the. However, many floods are anything but natural, stemming from plumbing systems, appliances, and other man-made inventions. One of the most famous man made disasters in the form of fire was the Pennsylvania fire which was recorded in 1962. Wars between nations are ongoing phenomenons that cause innumerable deaths and loss of property.
Satellites can easily forecast the origin of cyclones in advance. Drought-like conditions can be overcome by better water harvesting techniques. As India is primarily an agricultural country, droughts cause untold miseries to the common people. For example, Malpa landslide in 1999 in the Kumaon hills, took the lives of many pilgrims who were going to Mansarovar in Tibet. The unique geo-climatic conditions have exposed this country to natural catastrophes. The explosion blew manholes into the air and ignited funnels of fire, which set homes on fire. In general, there are four phases in addressing emergencies: preparedness, response, relief and rehabilitation.
Examples of man-made disasters, which result from human negligence, error or intent, include nuclear warfare, biochemical warfare, nuclear explosions, toxic emissions, global warming, fires, civil unrest and terrorism. Natural Calamities Natural calamities are the calamities which are inflicted by God, or Nature, on man and his world. Occasionally, tornadoes develop so rapidly that little, if any, advance warning is possible. Damage paths can be in excess of one mile wide and 50 miles long. These plates are in continuous motion over the mantle, which is known as tectonic movements. A classic example is an that causes a , resulting in coastal. While preparedness means, the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action.
In 1991, a food chicken processing plant in North Carolina saw 25 deaths due to a fire caused by a faulty hydraulic piece. On the other hand, human action cannot create a hurricane. Disasters are unfortunate events that almost always end in the loss of life and destruction of property. Ongoing efforts by relief agencies have been hindered by the failure to cooperate from both sides as well as a lack of resources available or offered in the area. Long-term effects include genetic imbalances in humans and its impact on the future generations.
Hence, the occurrence of an earthquake cannot be prevented. Floods are also known to cause some of the worst natural disasters and this is especially true when they are accompanied by hurricanes. When we say disaster or calamity, it is a great or sudden misfortune or catastrophe, an adverse or unfortunate event, or an occurrence that causes great distress or destruction. The same could not be said about our before us. There is great damage to agriculture and livestock. Establishment of earthquake regulatory agencies for fast relief.