Ode on melancholy. A Short Analysis of John Keats’s ‘Ode on Melancholy’ 2019-01-06

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628. Ode on Melancholy. John Keats. The Oxford Book of English Verse

ode on melancholy

But when the melancholy fit shall fall Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud, That fosters the droop-headed flowers all, And hides the green hill in an April shroud; Then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose, Or on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave, Or on the wealth of globèd peonies; Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows, Emprison her soft hand, and let her rave, And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes. First published in 1621, this was an encyclopaedic investigation of the causes and symptoms of — and cures for — melancholy. She dwells with Beauty—Beauty that must die; And Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips Bidding adieu; and aching Pleasure nigh, Turning to poison while the bee-mouth sips: Ay, in the very temple of Delight Veil'd Melancholy has her sovran shrine, Though seen of none save him whose strenuous tongue Can burst Joy's grape against his palate fine; His soul shall taste the sadness of her might, And be among her cloudy trophies hung. The poem starts with a forceful outcry not to reject melancholy. It is impossible to live with only half the emotions, and this sense of contradiction helps to strengthen the ideas that Keats wishes to express to his readers, and he does this through contradicting, but effective, imagery — such as the example of April. A glimpse of pleasure is better than nothing at all.

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Ode on Melancholy free essay sample

ode on melancholy

And age has given me an even deeper appreciation for it. Knowing that there are beautiful things to experience keeps you alive and away from death. In the second stanza, Keats moves on from what not to do when beset by Melancholy, to what to do. Wolfsbane and nightshade are poisonous plants. In this ode, beauty must die; joy bids adieu; pleasure turns to poison. The above stanza was removed prior to publication. This it is that makes — the the Amusement of Life-to a speculative Mind.

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ode on melancholy

Line 4 offers a specific example of the abstractions of lines 1-3; as the bee sips nectar a pleasurable activity , the nectar turns to poison. There are references to mythological creatures such as Prosperine and Psyche, even though these goddesses were beautiful and somewhat joyous they still had to face times of sorrow and depression in order to truly live. Prosperine was the goddess of the underworld, spending six months of every year in the underworld with Hades. The concrete imagery and rich use of language Keats uses enables the reader to witness the sights, sounds and touch of autumn and its progression. The tone is relaxed and definitely has a positive effect by describing 'and fill all fruit with ripeness to the core' Keats tends to describe everything fresh and.

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An introduction to 'Ode on Melancholy'

ode on melancholy

The first stanza is a very descriptive piece, leaving the reader to wonder whether the poet is addressing the time of the year, or merely writing about it, i. Logically then true happiness would also be found in contemplating the ugly and the painful things. His happiness was constantly being chipped away by frustration. Some students were convinced this poem was the rant of Keats being under the influence of opium. Keats personifies death into a Goddess.

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ode on melancholy

Many different smells across the air such as pies, carved pumpkins, or even the smell of homemade thanksgiving food can bring. Whereas the others dwell on the injustice and the misery of life, in Ode on Melancholy, Keats addresses the Reader, a sufferer of Melancholy, and tells him not to worry — that beauty and pain are intertwined in the world, and that both offer a fuller view of life when occurring in tandem. This poem makes a strong appeal to our senses. He uses thematic elements such as personification and similes to express the theme. Also the lines three and six begin with the word nor and he uses this word in order to reinforce his ideas to the readers. I go amongst the buildings of a city and I see a Man hurrying along-to what? In the second stanza Keats is saying what to do if the melancholy arrives. But when the melancholy fit shall fall Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud, That fosters the droop-headed flowers all, And hides the green hill in an April shroud; Then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose, Or on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave, Or on the wealth of globed peonies; Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows, Emprison her soft hand, and let her rave, And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes.

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Ode on Melancholy Poem Text

ode on melancholy

A summary of a classic Keats poem Being depressed from time to time is a fact of life. Keats does not shrink from the implication that feeling intensely means that grief or depression may well cause anguish and torment. But when the melancholy fit shall fall Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud, That fosters the droop-headed flowers all, And hides the green hill in an April shroud; Then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose, Or on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave, Or on the wealth of globed peonies; Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows, Emprison her soft hand, and let her rave, And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes. For, the speaker says, that will make the anguish of the soul drowsy, and the sufferer should do everything he can to remain aware of and alert to the depths of his suffering. Doesn't the reference to flowers call up positive images? She dwells with Beauty—Beauty that must die; And Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips Bidding adieu; and aching Pleasure nigh, Turning to poison while the bee-mouth sips: Ay, in the very temple of Delight Veil'd Melancholy has her sovran shrine, Though seen of none save him whose strenuous tongue Can burst Joy's grape against his palate fine; His soul shalt taste the sadness of her might, And be among her cloudy trophies hung. The last four lines turn from nature to people. Actually, I remember a class discussion that divided us.

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Ode on Melancholy free essay sample

ode on melancholy

Written in the spring of 1819 as part of the famous great odes, Ode on Melancholy differs slightly from the others in the fact that it addresses the reader, rather than an object or an emotion. In this stanza readers can see the irony. Lines 1-4 describe the physical circumstances literally and the emotional circumstances. Pleasure and pain are both intricately and intimately related. Autumn is personified as a harvester in this ode; nature seems to gain personal qualities here instead of remaining an abstraction. Nature fluctuates constantly as it has both positive and negative aspects.

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Analysis of Ode on Melancholy by John Keats

ode on melancholy

Life seems to have perplexed him with its stock of melancholy. Depression lures you into thinking this. But when the melancholy fit shall fall Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud, That fosters the droop-headed flowers all, And hides the green hill in an April shroud; Then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose, Or on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave, Or on the wealth of globed peonies; Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows, Emprison her soft hand, and let her rave, And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes. The choice lies between oblivion and awareness. The greatness of the poetry comes not so much from the thought, as from the bright energy and virtuosity with which it is expressed, from the pleasure which the poet seems to take in his skill. Even though nature is not perfect it will have its joyous, warm and fruitful times which are immensely enjoyable.

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Ode on Melancholy Poem Text

ode on melancholy

How's that for a story? There are references to mythological creatures such as Prosperine and Psyche, even though these goddesses were beautiful and somewhat joyous they still had to face time. The leaves on trees are changing in extremely colorful ways. The key idea is that the moments of greatest delight contain in them the bittersweet knowledge of death. By Keats using these thematic elements the theme is expressed to readers. Why not really pay attention to your melancholy and experience the true range and breadth of human emotions by thinking about joyful and beautiful things, and how they won't last forever? In the first stanza, Keats lists what not to do when beset by melancholy; this is also, perhaps, why the earlier first stanza was rejected. So go ahead, Shmooper, wallow away.


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Ode on Melancholy free essay sample

ode on melancholy

However, a closer look will reveal that through his apostrophe, he speaks of autumn as a person to convey his perception of change and death and rebirth. How is this technique appropriate for the theme of this poem? Is there a suggestion that melancholy is or may be fruitful? The mutability is autumn is shown throughout this ode within the process of time. It creates a strong feeling of aliveness within the season itself. It is doubtful Keats deliberately echoed Byron. Keats's equates pain with pleasure here. We don't know why Keats rejected this original beginning stanza, but we can guess.

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