He began writing poetry while at Eton, but his first publication was a Gothic novel, Zastrozzi 1810 , in which he voiced his own heretical and atheistic opinions through the villain Zastrozzi. Who grows gray with fear and why? This is not a peaceful nor beautiful description of the fall leaves. I fall upon the thorns of life! The Shelley of late 1819 was one bowed beneath the sorrows of his personal life and lite5rary career. Canto 4 Stanza 1 If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear; If I were a swift cloud to fly with thee; A wave to pant beneath thy power, and share Here, the speaker finally brings his attention to himself. Be through my lips to unawakened Earth The trumpet of a prophecy! In the last two stanzas the lyrical I identifies itself with the west wind and beseeches it to work through him. And, by the incantation of this verse, Scatter, as from an unextinguished hearth Ashes and sparks, my words among mankind! One of his most famous poems is Ode to the West Wind, which he wrote in November 1819 while he lived in Florence with his family Mullan xxxi.
To create a path for the west wind, the powers of the mighty Atlantic Ocean divide cleave themselves and flow through chasms. He feels himself to be part of a continuing cycle. V Make me thy lyre, even as the forest is: What if my leaves are falling like its own! How is the west wind compared to the chariot? Shelley has effectively used personification in the poem. One can never restart totally new. In the three-line terza rima stanza, the first and third lines rhyme, and the middle line does not; then the end sound of that middle line is employed as the rhyme for the first and third lines in the next stanza. Ode to the West Wind is a poem addressed to the west wind.
The west wind is a spirit, as is the skylark. The poet is encouraged that, although winter will soon arrive, spring and rebirth will follow it. See Shelley's note on this subject. They also are numerous in number like the dead leaves. Odes are usually in rhyme and seldom longer than 150 words. What effect does the west wind have on the underwater plants? What are the thorns of life? These are colours which are connected with sickness or a certain temperament of humans, according to Hippocrates, who invented the classical theory of temper. The speaker is clearly contrasting the strength of the wind to his own weakness that has come upon him as he has aged.
Perhaps more than anything else, Shelley wanted his message of reform and revolution spread, and the wind becomes the trope for spreading the word of change through the poet-prophet figure. Second Canto The second canto of the poem is much more fluid than the first one. The winged seeds lie dormant throughout winter —each like a corpse within its grave. Referring again to imagery in the first three stanzas, the poet asks the wind to lift him as it would a wave, a leaf, or a cloud; for here on earth he is experiencing troubles that prick him like thorns and cause him to bleed. He is prone to be swept away by words, to be mastered by them, rather than to be a master of them.
From that dome will come black rain, fire, and hail. In stanza V he ends with and invocation, a prayer that the wind which is both a destroyer and preserver may spread his prophetic message of regeneration to all mankind. Just like the wind swept away the dead leaves of the Autumn, the speaker calls for the wind to sweep him away, old and decaying as he is. The poet says the west wind drives clouds along just as it does dead leaves after it shakes the clouds free of the sky and the oceans. He has not yet made a specific request of the wind, but it is clear that he views it as a powerful spiritual being which can hear him.
At the beginning of autumn, the poet says, the the west wind awakened the Mediterranean Seau0097lulled by the sound of the clear streams flowing into itu0097from summer slumber near an island formed from pumice hardened lava. The west wind, with its stupendous verve and vehemence, is the poet's objective correlative. This is called terza rima, the form used by Dante in his Divine Comedy. What happens when the East wind blow? This helps Shelley begin to work towards a final climax. But he asks the spirit of the wind to be his own spirit, and to be one with him. In Prometheus Unbound, he sketched the wonderful world of freedom that he dreamed of; readers, fascinated by Shelley's glowing descriptions, would be stimulated to want such a world too. For the poet it s a symbol of aid and relief to him in his distress.
He realizes that for this to happen, his old self would be swept away. Now the fourth element comes in: the fire. The poet asks the wind to scatter his words around the world, as if they were ashes from a burning fire. What is overgrown with azure moss and flowers? And, by the incantation of this verse, Scatter, as from an unextinguished hearth Ashes and sparks, my words among mankind! A volume of early poems 1964 The Esdaile Poems 1966 The Manuscripts of the Younger Romantics 1985 The Masque of Anarchy. How does the poet compare himself to the forest? What has the west wind done to the Mediterranean Sea? He has already described it as the Destroyer.
Shelley views winter not just as last phase of vegetation but as the last phase of life in the individual, the imagination, civilization and religion. Furthermore, the West Wind is the dirge of the dying year for which the closing night will be the dome of a big tomb vaulted with all the aggregated strength of the West Wind as seen in rain, lightning and hailstorm. Be through my lips to unawakened Earth The trumpet of a prophecy! Up to the eights line a very dark image is developed. Bixby 1911 Oedipus Tyrannus; or, Swellfoot the Tyrant. Rather, the speaker seems to see the fall leaves as a symbol of the dead, the sick, and the dying. The ensuing pain influenced Shelley.
When they form buds, the spring wind spreads them over plains and on hills. How does Shelley compare himself to the west wind? Certainly the author wants to dramatise the atmosphere so that the reader recalls the situation of canto one to three. Like the leaves of the trees in a forest, his leaves will fall and decay and will perhaps soon flourish again when the spring comes. Fifth Canto Again the wind is very important in this last canto. Why are the seeds called winged? In a biblical way, they may be messengers that bring a message from heaven down to earth through rain and lightning. Where does the west wind carry the seeds? In 1818 Shelley left England for Italy where he lived for the rest of his life. Shelley modified the pattern by ending each of the five sections of the poem with a climactic couplet.