However, the use of smart cards for utility payment systems has some major drawbacks like added cost, low availability, and risk of complete disconnection due to system failures that outweigh their benefits. In this project we have given the name formemory card as a 16-bit digit. Finally when the balance amount is zero, the microcontroller sends a low signal to the Relay driver to give a high signal at its output, which switches off the relay. Go to our Resources and Help section for instructions on. It is beneficial to consumers and power plant in terms of revenue and power sector reforms.
With the help of this project we are aiming to receive the monthly energy consumption from a remote location directly to a centralized office. We study the p-commerce system issues and define the capabilities to make such a device feasible. Conclusion A better solution for utility management and beneficial to consumers, power reforms and market. The Electricity board and Water authority has to give privileges for these people to do their duty monthly. When the value in the card comes to electricity supply is cut off. Tata Steel is likely to install prepaid electricity meters at its employee township inJamshedpur. The proposed framework opens the door to the establishment of formal groundwater markets among users at very low transaction costs.
It offers flexible settings for both metering and payment and user-friendly interface to both the service provider and the end consumers. When the consumer insert a smart card into the card reader which is connected kit. For making a unit price card for Rs 2. Metering is one of the major technical issues impacting the collection efficiency of power companies. We then discuss its specific application to Demand Response and Roaming of Electrical Vehicles.
Our policies of its distribution are also partially responsible for this because we are still not able to correctly estimate our exact requirements and still power theft is prevailing. This paper first describes the separation kernel concept and its importance to information security. Its applications include shopping malls, residential townships, commercial buildings, employee quarters etc. Some tags can be read from several meters away and beyond the line of sight of the reader. However, the security of the fingerprint data is particularly important as the possible compromise of the data will be permanent. There are clear results from many countries where a prepaid system has reduced the usage wastage by a large amount.
The consumers can also demand at any time to check the amount of consumed energy so that a record of their energy usage can be obtained. The proposed solution use smart cards to store keys and perform cryptographic algorithms. There is no communication back to utility from meter. Once the prepaid card is out of balance, the consumer load is disconnected from the utility supply by the contactor. It becomes a part of everyday life with ever more people enjoying the service and extra freedom they provide. A brief description of each entity is given below.
The microcontroller is programmed such that a counter is kept incrementing for every pulse rate, which gives the value of the energy consumed. Hence the system is highly efficient and low-cost. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. Businesses must find ways to authenticate customers, remote offices, suppliers and partners while ensuring the security of transactions and sensitive information. Rs 50, Rs 100, Rs 200 etc.
The existing inherent problems with the post-paid system and privatization ofstate held power distribution companies are the major driving factors for thismarket in Asia. A compromised node may leak a master key, or may give the attacker an opportunity for injecting faulty messages. Here's the procedure to create the cards. Factors that can impact the initiative are Customer behaviour, Initial investment, rapid technology changes, uncertainty over success. To put some light on the difference between smart grids and traditional utility grids, some aspects of the traditional utility grids are covered in this paper as well. For example, during peak hours, the utility company can charge a premium rate for the non-essential appliances such as electric heater, air-conditioner and washing machine using the tariff switching functionality.
Defining a Prepaid Energy Meter System: Basically like in a mobile phone recharging, the consumer buys a recharge card and gets some energy units in return of the balance amount. The thing is, Government will not appoint any particular persons for this duty. Finally, Section 4 provides conclusions and directions for future work. Authorization for the prepaid session and quota replenishing occurs at the home network as well. Free basic unit, emergency credit, low balance warning is programmable even after the commissioning.
In this paper, we propose a framework based on smart card that allows partners to realize secure transactions. We also present specific applications of the proposed scheme to Demand Response and Roaming of Electrical Vehicles. The main drawback of this system is that person has to go area by area and he has to read the meter of every house and handover the bills. A prior billing is bound to do away with the problems of unpaid bills and human error in meter readings, thereby ensuring justified revenue for the utility. Rs 50, Rs 100, Rs 200 etc. The units of energy consumed are detected by the energy meter which shows the amount of power consumed in form of the energy units.