Change in the educational system result in social and economic changes, greater social mobility and more skilled and well-trained manpower for technologically based industries. For the ruling class to survive and prosper, the reproduction of labour power is essential. The modern industrial society with its advance technology, division of labour, job differentiation, assumes a general standard of literacy. The study highlights the importance of education in our society because without education we have to settle for low skilled jobs also the jobs that we have now will affect the future generation. It teaches them to fight against social evils, blind beliefs and superstitions.
In England, there are elementary schools for the working class, Grammar schools for middle class children, and public school education, for the children of the upper class. The technological advancement has necessitated the re-orientation of education. Social sciences may deal with means, but social philosophy deals with ends without disregarding the means. However, an age-old question is still being pondered today. It was only after independence when the concept of popular democracy was accepted that new goals of egalitarianism, secularism, individualism, socialism, humanism, undermining the institution of caste and the supremacy of Brahmins, etc. And these goals were to be achieved through liberal education.
Many changes occur in education because of cultural changes. Clarks 1948 observed that a general knowledge and acceptance of the ideals and aims of our society is essential for all its citizens, and it must be achieved through education but in a form, which makes it compatible with freedom. Development of Leadership The seventh aim of democrat education is to develop leadership qualities in children. To some extent education has proved to be a source of social mobility for the depressed groups. Sociology develops methods and techniques to be utilized by educational system to attain its goals.
The studies of Philip Foster in Ghana and Edward Shils in India have also revealed the role of education in social change. They knew they had to live, work and participate in the racial prejudice of segregation. The influence of a person, holding a vital belief, brought to bear upon another person with the object of making him also to hold that belief, is education. Many authors took for granted that readers would see the importance of their chosen topic, and failed to connect their work to related issues, ideas, or discussions. A social system reveals a balance between its parts which facilitates its operation.
In school, the child must interact with other members of the school in terms of fixed set of rules. It may be noted that the two are not contradictory. Sociology is a challenging discipline to grasp. I am somewhat dismayed that there were so few high-quality papers. An increasing number of schools are approaching curriculum building with culture in mind. By promoting democratic values and progressive attitudes in the people, education makes them capable to participate and strengthen the process of modernisation. Not only this, they should learn to live and die for the nation.
Sociology contributes greatly to the planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation of educational process. It has helped them to seek employment and to come out of the family. Chief among them are Louis Althusser, Samuel Bowels and Herbert Gintis. In the five decades since independence much advance has been made in education at secondary, college and university levels. Thus the sociologist is bound to study values and human valuations, as facts.
Now we will examine the role of education for the society and the relationship between education and other sub-system of society in terms of functionalist perspective. Curricular formats range from highly structured and dependent on software to more fluid and dependent on the discretion of a live tutor. Philosophy is in reality the theory of education. Intimate relationship between Sociology and Social Philosophy: Social Philosophy seems to be the meeting point of sociology and philosophy. In fact, I consistently had exactly the opposite problem.
Among the most important products of education are, first, various skills, be they general skill such as of occupations or more specific professional and vocational skills, the number of which has continually increased and become diversified with growing economic, technical and scientific development. The educator, who has to deal with the real facts of life, is different from the arm chair theorist who is busy in speculation. Discuss their influence on public policy and learn how these groups are regulated. Ottaway 1980 defined society as the whole range of social relationships of people living in a certain geographical territory and having a feeling of belonging to the same kind of group. Education is the representative of social desires. We fulfill whatever is necessary, and when we discover something selfish in ourselves, we make the effort to transcend it. Various institutions or sub-systems are a social system because they are interrelated.
Racial achievement gaps in the U. This study measured the levels of aspiration, commitment, morale and authoritarianism among university teachers with a view to understanding how the role structures and value systems of teachers affect their role as agents of modernisation. It is when this is ascertained that meaningful economic, political and social programmes can be embarked upon for the overall benefits of the citizens. But once we understand that living is an art that we need to cultivate, we develop an interest in knowing society and making it better. This suggests that the type of education provided will differ from society to society. Education in particular the teaching of history, provides this link between the individual and society.
All societies have their own ways and means of meeting this need. A society needs a stable and dynamic set of values and a ,unified purpose. As such, the question is: who will impart values of modernisation? But this position has now undergone a distinct change. This is the competency of the society to determine the objectives of education. And how are schools divided in terms of class. Ottaway 1980 contended that the transmission of culture still remains a vital function, and is not to be dismissed as merely conservative in the sense of being old-fashioned. Modernisation was, thus, not to be confined only to economic field but was to be achieved in social, political, cultural and religious fields too.