He made efforts to foster a spirit of harmony between Hinduism and Islam, is followers was a disciple of Ramananda and passed his days in Banaras. She is a celebrated Bhakti saint, particularly in the North Indian Hindu tradition. He denounced idolatry and rituals and laid great emphasis on the equality of man before God. They led on austere, simple life and conversed with people in their dialect. Towards the fag end of his life he set up his dehra akin to the Maths of Shankaracharya or Khanqah of Sufi Saints at Kartarpur on the bank of the Ravi and allowed his family to rejoin him; he took up the plough to set the example of an ideal householder. Chaitanya was another well-known saint and reformer of Bengal who popularised the Krishna cult. Bhakti, intense love and devotion, the only way to salvation.
God, soul, matter are unique in nature. Answer: The Golden Temple at Amritsar, was built on the arch and dome principle of the Islamic architecture. Celebacy was no longer countenanced, either. Under the impact of the Muslim rule, the Hindus had suffered a lot materially, morally and spiritually. Bengali was used by Chaitanya and by the poet Chandidas, who wrote extensively on the theme of the love of Radha and Krishna. Devotees also offered daily sacrifices—for some, animal sacrifices; for others, vegetarian sacrifices of fruit and flowers—in the home or temple. The movement encouraged religious toleration.
He was born in Talwandi near Lahore. With reference to the influence of Christianity during the Mughal period, answer the following questions: Question 5 a. He was originally a follower of Ramanuja. Answer: Adi Granth is vast collection of Sermons and hymns of the five Sikh Gurus-Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amardas, Guru Ramdas and Guru Arjun Dev Ji. The Tomb has a chamber, with a Mehrab in the western wall. The Muslim rule had put dread in the hearts of the Hindu masses.
They were known by different names — Qalandars, Madaris, Malangs, Haidaris, etc. So under the impact of the new movement both sides started making efforts for coming closer to each other. Portuguese, English and Mughal records show the interest of Akbar and Jahangir in Christian works of arts. According to him God is Sagunabrahman. Now we have a family of 1. In fact it helped greatly to check the spread of Islam in India. Buddhism and Jainism had been prevalent in this region and received occasional royal patronage.
His life was dedicated to establishing harmony between Hindus and Muslims. In 19th century Karnataka, Shishunala Sharif 1819-89 was an influential figure. Music was patronised by several medieval rulers e. Name any two sources to reconstruct religious thoughts and ideas leading to the growth of Composite Culture. Answer: Lallesvari was a Kashmiri Saint, whose life is full of legends and miraculous deeds. Surdasa: He was from Agra.
He composed ghazals in mixed language with alternate hemistiches in persian and Hindi, which went a long way in the development of the Urdu language. Advertisements: It decried the observance of unnecessary rituals. Francis Xavier learnt the language of Malabar and brought out a manual of grammar and a vocabulary which helped the Jesuits and other missionaries to learn the language of the people of Malabar. The 14th - 17th century A. All are alike to God. The Bhakti movement refers to the devotional trend that emerged in medieval and later revolutionised in.
Bhakti movement in Medieval India is responsible for the many rites and rituals associated with the worship of God by Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs of Indian subcontinent. Raidasa: Raidasa was one of the followers of Ramananda. For congregational prayer-hall having a reces alcove called Mehrab in the western wall at the back of the hall. Ramnanda: He was the first prominent preacher of Bhakti movement in the north India. These methods won him a number of followers from the upper castes. The Jagannath temple at Puri has a collection of manuscripts which date from the twelfth century and language of these contains elements of what was cater to develop as oriya, the language of the region.
Amongst the eastern group of languages. The mosque has an open courtyard surrounded by a pillared verandah. It continues in modified forms—a true example of the meek seeking to inherit the earth and attempting to mould it to their terms. He learnt Sanskrit, Tamil and Telugu and studied Indian philosophy and religious literature. They emphasised the broad human sentiments- the sentiments of love and beauty in all their forms. Delhi, Lucknow, Hyderabad are the main examples.
These writers championed a spectrum of philosophical positions ranging from theistic dualism, qualified and absolute. Forced by the orthodoxy to throw his manuscripts into the river, legend has it that Tukaram undertook a fast unto death and after the 13th day, his sunken notebooks appeared from the river, undamaged. Francis Assisi Church at Kochi. The Bhakti cult advocated the worship of a personal God and pure love, devotion and complete surrender to Him. This shows that Guru Arjan Dev wanted to affirm the fundamental unity of all religions and the unitary character of all mystic experience. In 1541 he storted his missionary Journey towards India and landed at Goa in 1542.