Strengths of empiricism. What are the strengths and weaknesses of empiricism as a method of historical research? : AskHistorians 2019-01-25

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Empiricism

strengths of empiricism

Full understanding, prediction and control in psychology is probably unobtainable due to the huge complexity of environmental, mental and biological influences upon even the simplest behavior i. Yet, exactly what is the nature of this containment relation between our experiences, on the one hand, and what we believe, on the other, that is missing in the one case but present in the other? Discuss why knowing things through the empirical method is generally better or more scientific than other ways of knowing. Concept empiricism states that all ideas come from experience. We learn from experiment and observation, and the direct knowledge we gain from them is empirical. Thus, Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz are mistakenly seen as applying a reason-centered epistemology to a common metaphysical agenda, with each trying to improve on the efforts of the one before, while Locke, Berkeley and Hume are mistakenly seen as gradually rejecting those metaphysical claims, with each consciously trying to improve on the efforts of his predecessors. Since the scientific revolution, empiricism has shown to be an absolutely necessary component of advancing our understanding of the universe.

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Rationalism & Empiricism

strengths of empiricism

Rationalism forces one to expose thoughts, and opens them up for scrutiny. However,… can not be certain of where our knowledge originates. That's a pretty conceited idea. Empiricism, Epistemology, Immanuel Kant 947 Words 3 Pages The objective of this paper is to show you the personal strengths and weakness that I identified by asking friends and family their opinion on the topic regarding yours truly, and by examining myself for areas that I am really good at also known as strengths and areas I need to improve otherwise known as weaknesses. Peter Carruthers 1992 argues that we have innate knowledge of the principles of folk-psychology. In his phase, he tried to show that even the concepts of are ultimately empirical, though the experience that supplies them may be introspective instead of sensory. Rationalist philosophers have claimed that at the foundations of our knowledge are propositions that are self-evident, or self-evidently true.

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Strengths of Empiricism Research Paper

strengths of empiricism

It is often opposed to with rationalism which is knowledge is attributed to reason independently from the senses. Locke attributed the ability to produce sensations in us, such as colours, sounds and tastes etc. But tired of years of speculation, theory and argument, and bearing in mind Aristotle's plea for scientific investigation to support theory, psychology as a scientific discipline began to emerge in the late 1800's. Yet, we cannot make this observation unless we already have the concept of causation. For rationalist, the knowledge is innate and that it can¡¯t come from sources such as the senses.

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What are the weaknesses of empiricism?

strengths of empiricism

According to Locke, primary qualities do not depend on the ability to perceive due to their existence in real bodies. The warrant that provides us with knowledge arises from an intellectual grasp of the propositions which is clearly part of our learning. There is always a form of conceptualization that can never be avoided, as we always use in order to describe and make sense of things, so the senses are not the only means of attaining knowledge. Judgments in morals involve a form of obligation or value that lies beyond experience, which only informs us about what is the case rather than about what ought to be. While all of these are personal traits, undoubtedly they.

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What are the advantages of empiricism over rationalism?

strengths of empiricism

One current approach to the issue involves an appeal to Phenomenal Conservatism Huemer 2001 , the principle that if it seems to one as if something is the case, then one is prima facie justified in believing that it is so. Empiricism is the claim that sense experience is the sole source of our knowledge about the world. Right at the start, the account of how simple ideas are gained is open to an obvious counterexample acknowledged, but then set aside, by Hume in presenting his own empiricist theory. Our inability to explain how some concepts, with the contents the rationalists attribute to them, are gained from experience should not lead us to adopt the Innate Concept thesis. Bacon was, in fact, the first to formulate the principles of scientific. The best explanation of our knowledge is that we gain it by intuition and deduction.

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Psychology as a Science

strengths of empiricism

For example, many may be fascinated with Plato's Theory of Forms, or Leibniz' theory of Monads, as the origin of where human knowledge comes from. A serious problem for the Innate Knowledge thesis remains, however. Because psychology studies mostly people, it studies indirectly the effects of social and cultural changes on behavior. So, Empiricists, like that of Berkley and Hume to the most extent , make mistakes in regards to being, existence, and causality. By contrast, empiricism forms the philosophical basis for scientific inquiry.

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What are the weaknesses of empiricism?

strengths of empiricism

An example of this is if a scientist said the earth is round, we could go up in space and look at the earth, take pictures and come back to a conclusion that proves the earth is round. Empiricists, and some rationalists, attack the Innate Knowledge thesis in two main ways. Everyone could always perceive gravity's presence. An appeal to Reliabilism, or a similar causal theory of warrant, may well be the best way for rationalists to develop the Innate Knowledge thesis. None of our experiences warrants a belief in such necessity, and we do not seem to base our knowledge on any experiences.

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Weaknesses of empiricism

strengths of empiricism

Empiricism, Experience, Immanuel Kant 828 Words 3 Pages My Personal Strengths and Weaknesses I believe that life is a learning experience and being able to recognize our own strengths and weaknesses can help us become better individuals in anything we choose to do, whether it is positive abilities and skills that can help achieve our goals or negative personal areas that need improvement. Their statement is really strong however, and not all philosophers of science and even some scientists! Experimental reasoning as well as past experiences and observations are the sources of knowledge for empiricism. The League was made up of mostly members from the Alliance whom all had biasts towards the Axis. Simple ideas shape, color, size can be known directly through experience. First, there is the problem of explaining what it is for someone to have an innate concept. We just use it to interpret what we experience.

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