To Autumn is a modified ode, 33 lines split into 3 stanzas each eleven lines long. Pay attention to the sounds, sights, and smells around you and describe them in your poem. There is no turning back the clock. . But this is the only part of the poem, where the mood is not positive. I am using the words process, flux, and change interchangeably in my discussion of Keats's poems. Before he set out to write this poem, surely knew that the hip thing to do would have been to write a poem in praise of spring, the season of life and rebirth.
That is the second place where we could find her. Line 7, gourd: family includes squash, pumpkins, and cucumbers;hazel: the hazel tree that produce edible hazelnuts. The next three lines describe the process of threshing grain, a process carried out after the autumn harvest. Analogous to how a person might rely upon a close friend to provide support. Think not of them, thou hast thy music too, While barred clouds bloom the soft-dying day, And touch the stubble plains with rosy hue; Then in a wailful choir the small gnats mourn Among the river sallows, borne aloft Or sinking as the light wind lives or dies; And full-grown lambs loud bleat from hilly bourn; Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft The red-breast whistles from a garden-croft; And gathering swallows twitter in the skies. Reynolds: How beautiful the season is now — How fine the air.
That is not to say that there is not an undercurrent of misery running through the poem — of course there is. The whole text is filled with positive adjectives to create a mood in the poem. Many readers count this short-and-sweet beauty as one of their favorites in the English language. How do the three stanzas work together to show different aspects of autumn? When Keats thinks about the flowers of spring and summer, he's thinking about the seeds that are being dropped to bloom next year, and not what happened last year. However, many critics think that if Keats hadn't caught tuberculosis and died at the age of 25, he would have gone on to write many more classics. This is the most common metre in traditional English poetry. Think of something commonplace that you experience everyday and write an ode commemorating some aspect or quality of it.
Line 7, bourn: domain or realm. From the first three lines it is crystal clear that the sun, a male symbol associated with Apollo the Greek god, is conspiring with a partner, who is a close bosom-friend, of the opposite sex. Stanza 3 Line 3, barred clouds: thin, horizontal clouds which resemble bars or strips. Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find Thee sitting careless on a granary floor, Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind, Or on a half-reaped furrow sound asleep, Drowsed with the fume of poppies, while thy hook Spares the next swath and all its twinèd flowers; And sometimes like a gleaner thou dost keep Steady thy laden head across a brook; Or by a cider-press, with patient look, Thou watchest the last oozings hours by hours. Each stanza is eleven lines long and each is metered in a relatively precise iambic pentameter.
What the hand, dare sieze the fire? In terms of both thematic organization and rhyme scheme, each stanza is divided roughly into two parts. He wrote a letter to a friend, John Hamilton Reynolds: 'How beautiful the season is now - How fine the air. One year after the publication of the poem, in 1820, he was dead. Line 8, croft: a small enclosed field. The slowing of time is sensual, though the pleasures are subtler when contrasted with the visual riot of the first stanza. The final point I wish to make about this stanza is subtle and sophisticated and will probably interest you only if you like grammar and enjoy studying English: The first stanza is punctuated as one sentence, and clearly it is one unit. Does it follow any patterns that you recognize? Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness! The first stanza deals primarily with the atmosphere of autumn, while the second addresses autumn in the style of a female goddess, with a trace of the homemaker about her, and the third stanza goes back to the beauty of autumn, advising her not to mourn the loss of springtime, for there is ample life in autumn.
Find the words that contain these letters; read them aloud and listen. Note the allusion to honeycombs in the last two lines that create an image of honey oozing from the comb in the phrase o'erbrimmed their clammy cells. A temperate sharpness about it. Think about what physical attributes your season might have, and what personality traits. It is the fate of any creation. And most of us are even further from our agricultural roots, making the weather a superficial consideration.
References to ripe apples weighing down the branches of trees, all fruits and nuts mature and sweet, bees feasting on flowers. Even the imagery is clear-cut, something that Keats has occasionally struggled with in previous poems. What is also clear is that the speaker visualises Autumn as a god or goddess of sorts. The form of the poem is very natural and it fits very well with the content. It seems that john Keats describes what he imagine and while reading it, I can create the picture in my mind, of what he is seeing. Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store? What most called my attention was the infinite number of images you can imagine by reading it.
All the animals have one thing in common. As he put it in a letter to his friend J. It starts with a statement that autumn is just as beautiful as spring and an urge not to look backwards. In the next part of the poem, the mood is actually not that good. In what distant deeps or skies Burnt the fire of thine eyes? Assonance, alliteration, rhythm, rhyme, collocation and imagery are skillfully exploited and combined to create a poem of quite staggering technical attempt: a poem which, far from being straightforward, reveals a complex relationship between poet, subject and reader. The title indicates that it could be some kind of a letter, because it says âTo autumnâ, like when you write a letter to a friend. The hedge-cricket, the robin red-breast and the swallows are communicating, the latter about to journey south to find warmth and a new life.
Note the languid, slow feel of the last line 22 with its slow, long vowels, almost an adagio. Stanza 2 Line 1, store: an abundance, a great quantity; a storehouse or warehouse; thee: archaic, you, Autumn personified. Gleaning was made illegal shortly before Keats wrote the poem. After exploring the beautiful if haunting images, ask what commentary does he seem to make about autumn as the predecessor of winter? Line 4, stubble: the dried stumps of wheat and other grains left after reaping. It was the first to which I was introduced after entering secondary education. The understated sense of inevitable loss in that final line makes it one of the most moving moments in all of poetry; it can be read as a simple, uncomplaining summation of the entire human condition.
Each of three stanzas shows us different time of a day and different time of autumn. Where are the songs of Spring? The whole story is a personification of autumn and that gives the poem a very creative expression and it is interesting to read. There is both a metaphor and alliteration in the fourth line image of the cloud of dust thrown up by the process - Thy hair soft-lifted hair by the winnowing wind Note of explanation - The ancient process of wind winnowing, still used in England when Keats wrote this poem, and still used in undeveloped societies today, throws a cloud of hairs, fine dust and straw, into the air. The whole stanza is some kind of a metaphor, because he de-scribes autumn as a person and he makes it alive. The narrator uses a lot of adjectives such as mellow, maturing and sweet and it makes the poem very vividly and more exiting to read. O Autumn, laden with fruit, and stained With the blood of the grape, pass not, but sit Beneath my shady roof; there thou mayst rest, And tune thy jolly voice to my fresh pipe, And all the daughters of the year shall dance! Some have read this poem as an allegory of death. As much as the poet has absorbed his senses in an essence apart from himself, making no evaluations or claims for transcendence, he has taken pains to rescue and preserve the season whole—diminishment and all.